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Verb and Adverb Suffixes in English





Verb and Adverb suffixes in English








Adverbs 


 -ly 

Meaning:

・ forming adverbs from adjectives, chiefly denoting manner or degree
  : in a (specified) manner (e.g. slowly)
  : at a (specified) time interval (e.g. annually)

 : from a (specified) point of view (e.g. eschatologically)

 : with respect to (e.g. partly)

 : to a (specified) degree (e.g. relatively)

 : in a (specified) place in a series (e.g. secondly ) 


Example:

weekly, deeply, slowly, suddenly, definitely, anualy, notably, responsibly, terribly, quickly, clearly, gradually, typically




 -ward, -wards (adverb) 

Meaning:

: forming adverbs denoting course or direction to, or motion or tendency toward 

Example:

backward(s), upward(s), downward(s), forward(s), earthward(s), eastward(s), westward(s), northward(s), southward(s), afterward(s), skyward(s), rightward(s), leftward(s)




 -ways (adverb) 

Meaning:

: in (such) a way, course, direction, or manner 

Example:

sideways, anyways, someways, edgeways, lengthways, longways, always




 -wide (adverb) 

Meaning:

: Throughout the specified area 

Example:

nationwide, worldwide, coutrywide, townwide, citywide, islandwide, regionwide, statewide




 -wise (adverb) 

Meaning:

: in the manner of
: in the position or direction of
: with regard to : in respect of 


Example:

clockwise, fanwise, crabwise, slantwise, dollarwise, otherwise, anywise, likewise, lengthwise, taxwise, crosswise









Verbs


 -ate (verb) 

Meaning:

(in verbs) to act in the specified manner 

Example:

initiate, regulate, activate, debate, separate, segregate, insulate, isolate, cooperate, collaborate, concentrate, educate, eradicate, accelerate, demonstrate, hyphenate, fascinate, irritate, devastate, evacuate, motivate




 -fy, -ify  

Meaning:

: forming verbs denoting the making of a state defined by an adjective
: forming verbs expressing a causative sense 


Example:

simplify, horrify, terrify, satisfy, identify, clarify, specify, amplify, classify, pacify, qualify, testify, mystify, nullify, electrify, dignify, certify, defy, exemplify, modify, justify, intensify, purify, notify, unify, verify




 -ize, -ise 

Meaning:

:make or become
 :cause to resemble

:treat in a specified way : pasteurize.
  :treat or cause to combine with a specified substance

: follow a specified practice
 : subject to a practice 


Example:

socialize, civilize, authorize, idolize, theorize, hypnotize, privatize, Americanize, organize, terrorize, advertise, materialize, realize, emphasize, televise, exercise, excise, surprise, arise, disguise, despise, advise, compromise, comprise, revise, supervise, summarize




 -en (verb) 

Meaning:

suffix forming verbs:
 :(from adjectives) denoting the development, creation, or intensification of a state
 : from nouns (such as strengthen from strength) 


Example:

widen, deepen, loosen, lighten, enlighten,deafen, darken, sharpen, heighten, lengthen, listen, frighten, lesson, broaden, fasten, tighten, weaken, straighten, thicken, harden, freshen




More suffixes → http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:English_suffixes