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International Phonetic Alphabet  -Consonants & Stress-







   International Phonetic Alphabet   

               -Consonants & Stress-






 Consonants 

A speech sound that is made by partly or completely stopping the flow of air breathed out from the mouth, not a, e, i, o, or u.









 Consonants 

   buy, cab

   die, cad

ð    thy, breathe, father

    giant, badgejam

f    phi, cafffan

ɡ(ˈɡ)    guy, bag

h    high, ahead

j    yes, yacht

k    chi, sky, crack

l    lie, sly, gal

m    my, smile, cam

n    nigh, snide, can

ŋ    sang, sink, singer

ŋɡ    finger, anger

θ    thigh, math

p    pie, spy, cap

r(ɹ, ɻ )    rye, try, very

s    sigh, mass

ʃ    shy, cash, emotion

t    tie, sty, cat, atom

    China, catch

v    vie, have

w    wye, swine

hw    why 

( /hw/ is not distinguished from /w/ in dialects with the wine-whine merger, such as Received Pronunciation and most varieties of General American.)

z    xi, zoo, has

ʒ    pleasure, vision, beige( /ʒ/ or /dʒ/)

 Marginal consonants  



x    ugh, lochChanukah

(In most dialects, /x/ is replaced by /k/ in loch and by /h/ in Chanukah.)

ʔ    uh-oh /ˈʌʔoʊ/

Stress 



 primary (tonic) stress(accent)  

The principal or strongest stress of a word.

ˈa     intonation /ˌɪntɵˈneɪʃən/

 Secondary stress(accent) 

The degree of stress weaker than a primary accent placed on a syllable in the pronunciation of a word.

ˌa    intonation /ˌɪntɵˈneɪʃən/

 tertiary stress 

Full unstressed vowels.

a    intonation /ˌɪnˈneɪʃən/

 Quaternary stress 

Reduced vowels (schwas)

a    intonation /ˌɪntɵˈneɪʃən/