Countable Nouns

                                     Countable Nouns 

 Countable (count) nouns 

Countable nouns are individual objects, people, places, etc. which can be counted.

A countable noun is a type of noun that can be…

A:  presented in both the singular form and the plural form.

The singular form:    The dog is big.

The plural form:     The dogs are big.

Rules of plural nouns

1 When the singular noun ends in: -sh, -ch, -s, -ss, -x, -o we do not form their plural form by adding "-s" but "-es".


brush - brushes 
bus - buses
box - boxes 
potato - potatoes

2 When the singular noun ends in "y", we change the "y" for "i" and then add "-es" to form the plural form. 


nappy - nappies

We do not change the "y" for "ies" to form the plural when the singular noun ends in "y" preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) 


day - days 
toy - toys

4 There is a group of words whose plurals are irregular (These you need to know). 


Man - men
Louse - lice
Woman - women
Mouse - mice
Child - children
Ox - oxen
Tooth - teeth
Goose - geese
Foot - feet 

5 Some nouns that in singular end in "-f" or "-fe" form their plural in "-ves". 


shelf - shelves
leaf - leaves

※Others do it in the regular way: adding just "-s".


safe - safes 

5 Nouns ending in "-ics" can take on both singular and plural forms. 


mathematics - mathematics

Sheepand deer do not change at all for the plural.

B:  Represented by a number, such as two cats, five books.


Represented by a number:    There are six dogs in the room.

 Rules For Using Countable Nouns 

1 We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns: 

 Example    A dog is an animal.

2 When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it:


I want an orange. (not I want orange.)
Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)

3 When a countable noun is plural, we can use it alone:


I like oranges.
Bottles can break.

4 We can use some and any with countable nouns(not singular): 


I've got some dollars.
Have you got any pens?

5 We can use a few and many with countable nouns:(not much, little)


I've got a few dollars.
I haven't got many pens.