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Countable Nouns






                                     Countable Nouns 






 Countable (count) nouns 

Countable nouns are individual objects, people, places, etc. which can be counted.

A countable noun is a type of noun that can be…


A:  presented in both the singular form and the plural form.
 Example 

The singular form:    The dog is big.

The plural form:     The dogs are big.


Rules of plural nouns

1 When the singular noun ends in: -sh, -ch, -s, -ss, -x, -o we do not form their plural form by adding "-s" but "-es".

 Example 

brush - brushes 
bus - buses
box - boxes 
potato - potatoes


2 When the singular noun ends in "y", we change the "y" for "i" and then add "-es" to form the plural form. 

 Example 

nappy - nappies


We do not change the "y" for "ies" to form the plural when the singular noun ends in "y" preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) 

 Example 

day - days 
toy - toys


4 There is a group of words whose plurals are irregular (These you need to know). 

 Example 

Man - men
Louse - lice
Woman - women
Mouse - mice
Child - children
Ox - oxen
Tooth - teeth
Goose - geese
Foot - feet 

5 Some nouns that in singular end in "-f" or "-fe" form their plural in "-ves". 

 Example 

shelf - shelves
leaf - leaves

※Others do it in the regular way: adding just "-s".

 Example 

safe - safes 


5 Nouns ending in "-ics" can take on both singular and plural forms. 

 Example 

mathematics - mathematics




Sheepand deer do not change at all for the plural.


B:  Represented by a number, such as two cats, five books.

 Example 

Represented by a number:    There are six dogs in the room.


 Rules For Using Countable Nouns 

1 We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns: 

 Example    A dog is an animal.



2 When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it:

 Example 

I want an orange. (not I want orange.)
Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)




3 When a countable noun is plural, we can use it alone:

 Example 

I like oranges.
Bottles can break.



4 We can use some and any with countable nouns(not singular): 

 Example 

I've got some dollars.
Have you got any pens?



5 We can use a few and many with countable nouns:(not much, little)

 Example 

I've got a few dollars.
I haven't got many pens.