An adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun, giving more information about the noun or pronoun's referent.
They can be modified by adverbs
a very expensive car
linguists today distinguish adjectives from words such as determiners that also used to be considered adjectives.
・He wore a red shirt.
・We need some square tables.
・Each hand has five fingers.
・You are naughty.
・She is a beautiful girl.
・He is an honest boy.
・This is a wooden chair.
・She wore a gold necklace.
・It was an earthen pot.
・Sugar is sweet.
Types of adjectives
three, eleven, one hundred, two thousand and one million …
more, all, some, half, more than enough
good, pretty, right, wrong, funny, light, happy, sad
late, early, bed, nap, dinner, lunch, day, morning
These adjectives often end with "-ing".
・size(small, huge, thin)
・smell (stinky, burning)
・age (old, young)
・material(cotton, wood, plastic, )
・distance(short, long, far, high)
American, English, Asian, Middle Eastern, African,
my, his, their, your
which, whose, what
this, that, those, these
Adjective Before Noun
When several adjectives come before a noun, they usually have to be put in a particular order. The rules for adjective order are very complicated, and different grammars disagree about the details. Here are some of the most important rules:
1 Determiners or pronouns used as adjectives
a, an ,the, my, his, some, many, three
interesting, cute, lovely
small, big, huge, thin
round, short , long, spuare
old, young, antique
red, black, blue, green
Italian, Japanese, American, English
woodie, plastic, metalic, woolen
sleeping, work, swimming, frying
・He had a nice, small, new, square, red, cotton, chinese, sleeping bag.(it's funny)
Adjective after verbs
Adjectives can be placed after be (is, am, are, was, were) and other copular verbs(stative verb) like look, seem, appear, feel etc. In this case, the adjective describes the subject of the sentence.
・She is beautiful.
・Our house is small.
・This car is new, isn't it?
・She looked tired.
・I felt sorry for her.
・The fish tasted awful.
・I was surprised to hear the news.
・She seemed upset.
Adjectives used only in predicate position
1. Some adjectives beginning with the letter 'a-' are used mainly in predicative position.
If you put adjectives before nouns as same meaning, we must use other words.
・Joey fell asleep.
・Jesse saw sleeping Joey. (Not saw asleep Joey.)
・Danny is afraid.
・Danny is a frightened man. (Not an afraid man.)
The adjectives ill and well are most common in predicative position.
we can not use them before noun.
If you put adjective before a noun as same meaning , we must use other words.
・Steph is ill.
・She is an unhealthy child. (Not an ill child.)
・Who looks after the sick girl? (Not ill people.)
・DJ speaks English well.
・DJ can speak good English. (Not well English.)